Gardner Cryogenics: Setting the global industry standard

August 5, 2020—As featured in gasworld online

Founded in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in its almost 60 years of business, Gardner Cryogenics has today produced more than 1,900 cryogenic tanks, the first of which is still operational today.

Specialised in developing high-performance, high reliability, long-lasting storage tanks for the transportation of liquid hydrogen and helium molecules globally, Gardner’s team of cryogenic experts work around the clock to provide its customers with high quality products.

The company’s story begun back in 1961 but then gained momentum later in 1981 when it was acquired, giving Gardner an increased opportunity to develop crucial products for the cryogenics industry.

1967 saw Gardner design its 8,500-gallon liquid helium ISO container, and then later in 1973 the company went on to introduce the first 11,000-gallon ISO container, which eventually become the global industry standard for moving liquid helium molecules.

Gardner’s early product innovations are still widely respected in the industry, and it’s first ever 11,000-gallon ISO tank is still in operation today and, to date, only five of the 1700-plus ISO containers manufactured by Gardner have been decommissioned. 

Today, Gardner Cryogenics has a diverse portfolio of products for liquid helium and liquid hydrogen with storage containers from 1,500 to 45,000 gallons and transportation containers ranging from 1,500 to 17,000 gallons.

Talking to gasworld exclusively about its products, Ravi Subramanian, Business and Product Development Manager at Gardner Cryogenics, said, “Our most popular products are the 11,000 gallon 175 psig-40 days liquid helium ISO container and the 17,000-gallon liquid hydrogen semi-trailer.”

“The 11,000 gallon 175 psig-40 days container is the ultimate ISO container, an innovation built to meet our customers’ demand for high-reliability, long-lasting and high-performance.”

A key feature that makes Gardner’s innovations highly popular throughout the market is the company’s unique technology that provides the lowest heat-leak for the highest yield when transporting, storing and transferring liquid helium and liquid hydrogen.

But whilst Gardner’s products have successful been serving the industry for years, it is also important to stay up to date with the latest trends in the market by adapting the company’s offering to align with those trends.

Discussing the trends Gardner is currently seeing, Ravi explained, “We are seeing continued demand for our liquid helium ISO containers. Also, with increasing demand from helium in Asia, we are expanding our aftermarket services globally to support our customers where they are located.”

“With ‘Hydrogen for Mobility’ expected to grow in North America, Europe, China, and Korea, Gardner is expanding its product portfolio and adding manufacturing floor space to meet market demand globally.”

When talking to gasworld, Ravi also explained that with a new source of helium expected in the coming years, and the growing hydrogen energy demand, Gardner is planning to expand its product portfolio accordingly.

“We plan to offer a LHY stationary tank, meeting European, Chinese, and Korean regulations and LHY transportable semi-trailers to store and move the molecules. Gardner added more floor space to increase its manufacturing capacity to meet market demand.”

“The Gardner engineering team continues to push the limit by developing novel concepts to enable our customers to address challenging logistic issues, regulatory demands and manage their operational needs.”

10 minutes with Ravi Subramanian

September 2, 2019—As featured in gasworld US edition

Business and Product Development Manager at Gardner Cryogenics

Thanks for taking 10 minutes out with gasworld, what does a typical day in your job entail?

A typical day for me at Gardner Cryogenics is all about making sure we meet customer needs by being responsive and on budget. This is done through extensive collaboration with product development and engineering, working on product enhancements and developing new products to meet future market needs.

What are some of the products you are particularly proud of?

Gardner Cryogenic has a long history in the storage and transportation of liquid helium and hydrogen. Our liquid helium ISO container used for transporting liquid helium is the market leader in reliability and low heat leak, two of the most important parameters for our customers. I am also particularly proud to be part of the team that brought to market our new Smartfuel® product for liquid hydrogen storage and transportation, which is enabling growth of the hydrogen economy and clean energy.

Can you explain some of your diverse cryogenic capabilities?

Gardener Cryogenics has a diverse portfolio of products for liquid helium and liquid hydrogen with storage containers ranging from 1,500 to 45,000 gallons; and transportation containers ranging from 1,500 gallons to 17,250 gallons. In addition to storage and transportable tanks, Gardner makes helium and hydrogen purifiers up to 20,000 standard cubic feet per hour.

What are your tanks typically used for, hydrogen and helium?

Gardner Cryogenics designs and manufactures equipment used in storing and transporting liquid hydrogen and liquid helium. These containers allow molecules to be moved from a production source to end customers in various industries such as electronics, metal fabrication, and construction. The temperature of liquid helium is only four degrees above absolute zero, so the engineering requirements are exceptional.

How has liquid hydrogen transport equipment developed in recent years?

In recent years, the hydrogen energy market has grown substantially. Gardner Cryogenics is on the forefront in designing equipment to transport liquid hydrogen safely for unloading and storage at fueling stations. Safety is our number one priority, and our long history of experience with hydrogen reflects this in our designs and customer support.

What’s the most exciting thing Gardner Cryogenics has worked on recently?

We recently introduced enhanced, higher volume semi-trailers to meet hydrogen energy needs. It is exciting to see our products in action, and to be part of an energy solution that will define the legacy for future generations.

Has your business changed, adapted, or been impacted by the recent helium shortage?

With growth in Asia and new sources of helium expected from 2022 to 2026, our business has been consistent. With tight supply, it is even more important to have reliable containers with long hold times that eliminate product losses.

Has there been any recent enhancements to Gardner manufactured helium tanks?

Our engineering department continues to push limits to improve heat leak and adapt to market needs. One example of this is our helium ISO enhancement for rail transport to access new sources of helium cost effectively.

What is the best piece of advice you have received?

Over the years, I have received good advice from many individuals that has enabled me to have an open mind and a positive focus. The best piece of advice I have received is to stay true to your character – under no circumstance should this be compromised.

What’s next for Gardner Cryogenics?

Gardner is a great place to work where every employee is proud of the products they manufacture. With new sources of helium coming on stream and the growing hydrogen energy demand, we will continue to support the market with the same high performance, reliability, and quality synonymous with the Gardner name.

For more information please contact Ravi Subramanian at